Mahaparinirvana Temple in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh
Mahaparinirvana Temple, located in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, is considered one of the holiest temples of Buddhism in the whole world. In this temple, a 6.1 meter high statue of Lord Buddha is kept in a lying posture. This idol depicts the period when Lord Buddha left his body at the age of 80 and became free from the bondage of birth and death for ever and ever, that is, he attained salvation.
Lord Buddha’s last time passed in Kushinagar
This statue of Lord Buddha was made from a single piece of red sandstone. The idol depicts the Lord looking towards the west, this pose is considered the correct posture for Mahaparinirvana. The idol is erected on stone pillars at the corners supported by a large stone platform. On this platform, an inscription was erected in the 5th century by Haribala, a disciple of Lord Buddha. Both the temple and the vihara were a gift from a disciple to the guru. Every year, thousands of tourists and pilgrims from all over the world visit this temple in huge numbers.
PM Modi offers prayers to Lord Buddha
This initiative has been taken to connect the countries of the followers of Buddhism with Kushinagar. After inaugurating the airport, the Prime Minister said that it would boost connectivity and tourism and would help in the development of the region’s economic ecosystem, as well as create new employment opportunities.
meeting with Buddhist monks
PM Modi said that special attention is being paid to the development of places associated with Lord Buddha, and the development of Kushinagar is one of the high priorities for the Government of Uttar Pradesh and the Central Government. He said that this region, witnessing the entire journey from the enlightenment of Lord Buddha to Mahaparinirvana, is now directly connected with the world.
Who was Mahatma Buddha and where was he born?
Gautam Buddha was born in 563 BC at a place called Lumbini in Kapilvastu, Nepal. His childhood name was Siddhartha. He was the son of King Suddhodhana of Kapilvastu and Queen Mahamaya. He was married to Yashodhara, but one day he suddenly left the house and later came to be called Gautam Buddha.
When did Buddha attain enlightenment?
It is said that on the full moon day of Vaishakh month, Siddhartha was sitting meditating under a tree, when he attained enlightenment. From then on that tree came to be called Bodhi tree. Even after attaining enlightenment, he was engaged in spiritual practice under the same Bodhi tree for several weeks. Then later left from there to preach religion.
Built on 589 acres of land at a cost of Rs 260 crore
Kushinagar International Airport is built on 589 acres of land at a cost of about Rs 260 crore. This is the third international airport of Uttar Pradesh and has been constructed with the aim of connecting the Buddhist shrine with the world. This initiative has been taken to connect the countries of the followers of Buddhism with Kushinagar. After the airport’s inauguration, the Prime Minister said it would boost connectivity and tourism and would help develop the economic ecosystem of the region, as well as create new employment opportunities.
When was Buddha’s Nirvana?
After attaining enlightenment, Buddha propagated the religion at different places in the country and abroad. After that he resided in Rajgir, Vaishali, Loria and Sarnath of India. It is said that Gautam Buddha gave his last sermon at Sarnath and then attained Nirvana.
How many sects are there in Buddhism?
At the time of Lord Buddha, there was no sect or sect of any kind in this religion, but after Buddha’s Nirvana there was a difference of opinion among the monks in the Second Buddhist Association, after which they split into two. The first is called Hinayana and the second is called Mahayana. Mahayana means big carriage or boat and Hinayana means small carriage or boat. Vajrayana was a third branch of Buddhism under Mahayana. Many Buddhist sects like Zen, Tao, Shinto etc. are also considered under the above two sects.
Which religious texts do those who believe in Buddhism believe?
Let us tell you that Gautam Buddha gave his sermon in Pali language. His teachings have been compiled in Tripitakas. Tripitaka has three parts – Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka and Abhidhamma Pitaka. Under these are a long series of subtexts. The Dhammapada is one of the fifteen compositions of Khuddaka Nikaya, one of the five parts of the Sutta Pitaka.
Where are the stupas of Buddhism located?
A stupa was a domed building, erected as a monument or material belonging to the Buddha. There are 8 main stupas of Buddhism which were built at Kushinagar, Pavagadh, Vaishali, Kapilvastu, Ramgram, Allalkalpa, Rajagriha and Betdweep. Angar Stupa was built in the Pippliya forest.
In which countries is Buddhism predominant and in which countries is it influenced?
Buddhism is the main religion of Japan, South Korea, North Korea, China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Thailand, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Mongolia, Tibet, Bhutan, Macau, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Apart from this, countries like India, Nepal, Malaysia, Indonesia, Russia, USA, France, UK, Germany, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Canada, Singapore, Philippines and Afghanistan also have a good number of followers of Buddhism. The Bamiyan region of Afghanistan was the capital of Buddhism during the Buddhist period.