Issue 1- It is feared that the mandis established by the mandi committees will be weak and the farmer will be caught in the clutches of private mandis.
• New provisions provide more options to sell the crop, keeping the old option running. The farmer will now be able to sell the crop outside the mandi from any warehouse, cold storage or even from his field.
• There will be more competition in buying the crop of the farmer as new traders will also be able to be buyers of the crop, which will allow the farmer to get more value.
• All inter-state and intra-state trade barriers will be removed.
In addition to the new options, the farmer will have the option to sell in the market as before and to sell at the government procurement center on the support price.
• By amending the Act, it can be provided that the state government can implement the system of registration of private mandis. Also, from such mandis, the state government can determine the cess / fee up to the rate of cess / fee applicable in APMC mandis.
Issue 2- By not arranging for the registration of the trader, there is a system of purchasing the crop from the farmer only on the basis of PAN card, which is likely to be cheated.
• With a view to provide more options of marketing to the farmer in the new Acts, there is a system of doing business to the merchant on the basis of PAN card.
• The law empowers the Central Government to make rules in relation to registration of merchants, manner of trade and arrangement of payment.
• There is a provision to implement registration system on the basis of documents other than PAN card.
• In order to address the doubts raised, the State Governments can be empowered to make rules for such registration so that the State Governments can make rules in the interest of the farmers according to local conditions.
Issue 3- The farmer does not have the option of going to the civil court for dispute resolution, so that there is a possibility of not getting justice.
• Provision has been made to enable the farmers to get justice at a quick, easy and low cost and to resolve the dispute within 30 days at the local level.
• The first arrangement in both the Acts is to resolve the dispute on the basis of mutual agreement through the Conciliation Board.
• In addition to the provision provided in the new laws for resolving disputes, the option of going to civil court can also be given.
Issue 4- There is no system of registration of agricultural contracts.
• Under the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Price Assurance and Agreements on Agricultural Services Act, 2020, there is a provision to make arrangements for registration of agreements by the state government.
• The State Government also has the right to establish registration authority.
• Till the State Governments make the system of registration, suitable arrangements will be made to provide a copy of all written agreements to the concerned SDM office within 30 days of the signing of the agreement.
Issue 5- Large industrialists will occupy the farmer’s land. The farmer will be deprived of land.
• There can be no agreement on the sale, lease and mortgage of agricultural land under the Agricultural Agreements Act.
• There is a provision that no structure can be constructed on the farmer’s land, and if constructed, it will remove the crop buyer at the end of the contract period.
• If the structure is not removed, it will be owned by the farmer.
• The provision is already clear, yet it will be made clear that no loan can be availed by the sponsor on the structure to be built on the land of the farmer and neither such structure can be taken hostage by him.
Issue 6- The land of the farmer will be attached.
• It is a clear provision under Section 15 of the Agricultural Agreement Act that attachment can not be made for any recovery against the land of the farmer.
• In this act, no penalty can be imposed on the farmer while the buyer can be fined 150 percent of the outstanding amount against the trader.
• Where the trader is bound to buy the crop at full price under the agreement, there is no restriction on the farmer.
• The provision is clear, yet it will be issued if any clarification is required.
Issue 7- The farmer will have the option of selling his produce through a government agency at the support price, and all agricultural produce will be traded in private hands.
• There is no interference in the support price and government procurement in the new Acts.
• State Governments have the right to establish centers of support price and are free to establish these centers in mandis.
• The procurement system has been strengthened continuously by the Central Government, for example, this year’s rabi and kharif bumper purchases.
• Central Government will give written assurance regarding procurement arrangements of MSP.
Issue 8- The Electricity Amendment Bill, 2020 should be abolished.
• Electricity amendment bill has been put up for discussion.
• Regarding DBT, it is proposed that the state government will deposit the subsidy payment in advance directly to the consumer’s account.
• There will be no change in the present system of payment of electricity bills by the electricity distribution company from the farmers.
Issue 9- Air Quality Management of NCR Ordinance, 2020 to be abolished.
• Under the present provision, burning of stubble can lead to fines and criminal action.
• The objections of farmers will be addressed appropriately under the provision of burning of straw to the Air Quality Management of NCR Ordinance, 2020.
Issue 10– Repeal of agricultural reform laws.
• The government is ready to openly consider the provisions of the law which the farmers have objected to.