The species living in Africa have many strange-o-poor practices and also rules. Perhaps the most surprising among them is the Borana Oroma tribe. Navbharat times online In a conversation with Geophysicist Ratnesh Pandey, he has said that women of this community are not only allowed to have extramarital sex but also get support. Learn interesting stories related to this community here (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
A separate government runs
Borana Oromo people are also called Borana. They live in the Borena Zone of southern Oromia in Ethiopia, the border zone of Somalia, and northern Kenya. The Borana people live their lives according to the Gadda system without any hindrance. There is no intervention of the outside world and the government there. It is an indigenous democratic system. Under this, political, economic, social and religious activities of this community are controlled.
Under the Gadda system, men from five Oromo groups are selected for a period of eight years. During his tenure, he controls the judicial, political, religious and other activities of the entire society. He retires after eight years. Through this, he strengthened himself as a political and military organization. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
… hubby does wait outside
The women of this tribe place milk in a vessel made after drying a gourd. These utensils are decorated in various ways. Women wear rings made of beads. Women get special rights here. Married women can have physical relations with any man other than their husband. Not only this decision is respected but the entire community also supports. A wife always decides who will enter her house and have a physical relationship. During this time, if the husband comes home and finds the spear outside the house pressed into the ground, then he cannot go inside. It is believed to be the message that the wife is having a physical relationship with one of his non-men. When he removes the non-male spear from the ground, the husband only goes inside. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
Stories related to religion
The god of Borana Oromo is called Vaka. Before the spread of Islam and Christianity, Borana practiced an ancient religion called Vakefna which was a monotheistic religion. The word Vakefna derives from the word Vaka, which means ‘Akash Dev’ in Afan-Oromu. Followers of the Vakefna religion were called Wakfata and considered Vaka to be their deity. There used to be a priest in Vakefna religion called Kalla. He acted as a mediator between the Borana Oromo community and the deity. At Vakefna it was believed that objects like trees, waterfalls and rocks also have spirits.
According to a legend in Wakefna, Borana Oromo had to give a gift to his god Vak and for which he had to sacrifice his eldest child. It is said that there used to be a magician who lived in the forest. He used to kill newborn babies and during that time a priest named Kalla intervened between Borana Oromo and the god of waka. Still many Borana Oromo people follow and follow their traditional religion, Wakfna. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
Unique way to name
The Borana Oromo are a nomadic tribe who search for grazing places for their camels and animals. The men of the Borana Oromo community lead the herd of cattle, while the Borana Oromo women are responsible for building and cleaning the houses. Borana raise cows, goats, sheep and other animals. When there is a traditional dance here, it is believed that a child has been born in someone’s home. Borana Oromo people do not name their children for three years. Most of the rules here are about children and never call people older than their first names.
These people name children according to time, place, festival etc. – Boys who are in the afternoon during the day are called ‘Guyo’. Someone’s name is ‘Jill’ after the ceremony, but if the baby is born in the rainy season, it is called ‘Rob’ and the baby born in the dry season is called ‘Bon’. Other names include Jaldes (monkey), Funnan (nose), Gufu (tree stub) and long-legged ones called ‘Luke’. The parents’ name of the child is never changed during the ceremony three years after the birth of the child. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
Weddings are like this
Borana women wear clothes made of goat skin. The women of this tribe use ghee to make their hair beautiful and make lots of peaks on their heads. The women of the Borana tribe shave a large part of their head before marriage to get a good groom. Only after marriage, girls are given the opportunity to grow and groom properly. Not only this, people here do not like to be photographed after marriage. These people believe that by doing this, there is a lack of blood in the body.
Borana Oromo build their huts from wood and fur. Older women are revered in this community as caretakers of culture. Insulting them is also considered a crime in this community. Girls in this community are weighed down by their mother’s behavior. If the mother is civilized, it means that her girl will also be the same and it is on this basis that men choose a wife for themselves. In Borana Oromo, the wedding is decided after a lengthy conversation of several stages. The parents of the girl hold a meeting called ‘Kada’ to examine the terms of the marriage. Here the family members of the boy are invited and the wedding date is fixed. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
He has the most respect
Spiritual leaders are highly respected in this tribe society. Here the souls are also called Ayana and they also have great importance. Spiritual leaders conduct sacrifices and rituals to appease the souls so that the people of their society are in good health, animals are protected, fields remain fertile and crops are grown. In this community, the head’s son is considered the most fortunate and no one can punish him even if he misbehaves. The mothers of such sons receive special respect. The wife of the head of this tribe has to wear special jewelery. Borana women do not come in front of their sons-in-law and do not show their mouths but sometimes both cover their mouths if they come face to face. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)
This is how intelligent and brave boys are
If a boy from the Borana Oromo community starts hunting and killing wild animals such as elephants, lions, rhinoceros and buffaloes in his teens, he gets special status in the community and he is considered brave and intelligent in his community. is. This quality of his, makes him more likely to be elected as a leader in society. Milk of this community drinks milk, curd, ghee, meat, sahaad, strong blood solution. An energetic solution is prepared by mixing cow’s blood in cow’s milk. For this, a wound is made in the neck of the cow. Later the cow’s wounds are closed with mud. (Photo: Gerhard Huber, Global Geography)