The foundation of the peasant movement was laid in Awadh by Baba Ramchandra.On November 30, 2020 by admin
- The peasant movement was started in Awadh province of Uttar Pradesh
- The Brahmin Baba Ramchandra of Maharashtra laid the foundation of the farmers’ movement
- Baba Ramchandra used to tell the four-footers of Ramcharitmanas to the farmers
- Jai Shri Ram and Jai Sitaram were made code-wise by the farmers
The farmers’ movement has become the biggest issue in the country these days. Farmers are protesting against the central government’s agricultural bills. The trumpet of revolt was blown from Pratapgad district in Uttar Pradesh in protest against the rent collected by the British in India. The memorial was built in memory of the brave sons who sacrificed everything during the peasant movement, but after that it was never decorated or paid attention to. Today this place is in bad shape. The memorial has become a haven for stray animals. The peasant movement began here with the Chaupayans of Ramcharitmanas and the codewords of Jayashreeram.
In Awadh, farmers are both a political force and a social force, but they were victims of exploitation before independence, especially after the First World War, during the recession and inflation. Along with the power of the whites, they also had to endure many kinds of atrocities from indigenous talukdars, zamindars and karinds. They had to do green labor in their fields and houses, they had to face eviction in spite of arbitrary rent and payment of monies. The fields they used to cultivate were also deprived of their right of ownership.
Conflict started in these districts
Inspired by the freedom movement of the country in 1919, when farmers started a struggle against all this in Pratapgarh, Rae Bareli, Sultanpur and Faizabad etc., Baba Ramchandra, the owner of a wonderful personality, took the responsibility to give it a new edge. Baba was a Maharashtrian Brahmin.
The Ramcharita Manas Chaupaias revolve around it
In 1909, when Baba Ramchandra came to Faizabad, he used to roam from village to village and used to recite the couplets and ‘chaupaiyas’ of Ramcharitmanas. During this time, when he did not see the plight of the farmers, he became their leader and in June 1920, along with hundreds of his representatives went to Allahabad and met the founder member of ‘Kisan Sabha’, Gaurishankar Mishra and Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru. The Kisan Sabha was associated with the Indian National Congress and at the insistence of Baba, its leaders including Pt. Nehru visited Awadh for the next three months and saw the plight of the farmers with their own eyes. When all of them were active against him, Baba became the foundation brick. He did not take any steps in ending all the atrocities from generations of farmers by silently enduring the atrocities and preparing them for the struggle from the dead. During this time he created many slogans for the unity of the farmers and linked them to the couplets of Ramcharitmanas.
Thousands of farmers were collected when arrested for theft
Baba Ramchandra, a village in Pratapgarh district, became the center of activities, where the police arrested him on August 28, 1920 along with 32 farmers and charged them with theft. There was such excitement among the farmers that they gathered there in thousands ready to die. Until the police could convince him to return, it was known that Gandhiji himself was coming to Pratapgarh to free Baba. On this, some twenty thousand farmers again gathered and they went back only after the police assured them that they were safe by having ‘darshan’ of Baba.
Social boycott of non-supporting farmers
For this, Baba was taken from the middle of the sugarcane fields and mounted on a tree so that all the farmers could see him carefully. The victory on this front brought new energy into the farmers’ movement. But then at the Calcutta Session of the Congress, the Kisan Sabha could not avoid the differences which were expressed with the government on non-cooperation and the non-cooperation supporters set up a separate ‘Awadh Kisan Sabha’ on 17 October 1920. This new meeting, led by Baba, called upon the peasants to explicitly refuse the landlords’ green labor and not to accept eviction at all. Socially boycott the farmers who do not accompany it and solve their problems only through their panchayats.
The farmers demonstrated by tying themselves to the ropes
Encouraged by the success of this call, the Awadh Kisan Sabha organized a large rally of farmers in Ayodhya on 20–21 December 1920, in which more than one lakh farmers attended. This was a large number in view of the inconveniences of those days of traffic. Baba came to this rally as a symbol of the exploited farmers by tying himself to ropes and inspiring the farmers to break all their bonds. History is witness, in later years, this inspiration flourished among the farmers of Awadh.
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