g 20 countries: Explainer: Permanent membership of UNSC from next year and G20 presidency in 2023 will strengthen India on global forums – how India is getting stronger on global platforms by being non permanent member of unsc and g-20 presidentOn November 23, 2020 by admin
- India’s activism is increasing in global forums, which is having positive results
- After the temporary membership of the UN Security Council, the G-20 chairmanship is also part of India
- Institutions like Pakistan FATF can increase difficulties due to India’s growing position on global forums.
Over the years, India’s image has changed internationally. Experts believe one of the reasons is that India now participates very actively in important global forums, but rather asserts itself strongly on issues affecting the world. It is also suffering the brunt of many flaws in the global system, due to which it is also looking for opportunities where it has a chance to fix those messes.
The important thing is that in the coming years, the doors of such opportunities are going to open before India. G-20 leaders announced on Sunday that India would chair and host the group’s conference in 2023. At the same time, it will also get permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) from January next year. In August 2021 and then in 2022, UNSC will acquire the presidency of 15 non-permanent member countries. On the other hand, what is the importance of these opportunities that India is getting on global forums, let us know…
G-20 headed matters
The first thing was presided over by the G20. The host country of the G20 sets that year’s agenda. For India, this is an opportunity in which it can convince the most powerful countries of the world to demonstrate their vision through their global vision, governance-governance capability and agenda setting for the future. In fact, the G-20 gives equal rights to developing countries like India, unlike the G8, to developed countries like the US. The G-20 sets the agenda for a global order based on which international financial institutions are guided. The presidency of the G-20 varies between its member countries. For this reason, no country can impose its agenda on this group. In such a situation, India has an opportunity to show its strength in the political, economic and intellectual fields in front of the world’s most powerful countries.
FATF’s Shinkja will be tough on Pakistan
India can use its foresight to set a global economic governance agenda. It is known in India’s favor that it is now more active on international issues. India can use its experience to focus the attention of the G20 countries on traditional financial institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank to design a new framework for trade and service in digital economy, to curb financial mess. One can pull towards ensuring transparency in the movement of money between countries. Naturally, this will also strengthen India’s position in the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), when Pakistan will be made accountable for terrorist funding.
It should be noted that the leaders of this group of the world’s richest 20 countries in Riyadh conference also supported the policy actions to stop money laundering and terrorism funding which is mentioned in FATF’s letter on Kovid-19. He reiterated his support for the FATF as a global standards setting unit in terms of money laundering, financing of terrorism and prevention of funding for arms proliferation.
After the two-day conference held in Riyadh, the leaders said in the manifesto, ‘We reiterate our strong commitment to deal with all sources, techniques and means of these threats. We also reiterate our commitment to strengthen the FATF’s global network of regional units, including supporting their expertise in cross-assessment and calling for a thorough, effective and speedy implementation of FATF’s global standards. ‘ “We look forward to our upcoming conferences in Italy in 2021, in 2022 in Indonesia, in 2023 in India, and in Brazil in 2024,” the manifesto said. The conference was also attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
India’s growing acceptance in the world
India got 184 out of 192 votes in the election held for a temporary member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It is clear that only eight countries voted against India, including countries like Pakistan, Turkey, Malaysia. India’s temporary membership of the UNSC will strengthen India’s position on issues such as cross-border terrorism, counter-terrorism funding, money laundering, Kashmir, and ensure Pakistan is troubled by the global platform.
However, India’s two-year term as a temporary member of the Security Council will begin from 1 January 2021. In addition to Norway, Kenya, Ireland and Mexico, it will sit on the Security Council with five permanent members China, France, Russia, Britain and the US and temporary members Estonia, Niger, St. Vincent, Tunisia and Vietnam. India will assume the responsibility of the post of President of the 15-nation powerful council in August 2021. Each member country presides over the council for one month in turn.
India will preside over the council in August next year, according to information released from the UN spokesperson’s office. After this, India will become the President of the Council for one month in 2022. Tunisia will become the President of the Council in January next year. After this, Britain, America, Vietnam, China, Estonia, France, India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Niger will become president for one month each. Prior to this, India became a temporary member of the Council in 1950–1951, 1967–1968, 1972–1973, 1977–1978, 1984–1985, 1991–1992 and 2011–2012.
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