story of dinka sudan: Dinka of the longest Sudan in Africa, a tribe that has daughters Amiris scale – african dinka tribe who are the tallest and treat their girls as most valuableOn November 18, 2020 by admin
Aboriginal species living in many countries of Africa still follow the customs that have existed since ancient times. Many of their traditions are completely different from the rest of the world. One of them is the Dinka-the largest tribe inhabiting the eastern and western banks of the Nile River in South Sudan. Geophysicist Ratnesh Pandey by profession has shared his experiences in Sudan with Navbharat Times Online. Learn here the story of this particular tribe
Who is Dinka?
Hundreds of years ago, Dinka people used to call themselves Moinjung which means ‘people’s people’. The Dinka is the tallest tribe in Africa. It lives in the Behroonjal area of the Nile River. Animal husbandry and farming are their main tasks. The Dinka group mainly cultivates jowar, millet, groundnut, beans, maize (maize) and other crops. Dinka women mostly do agriculture, but Dinka men clear the forest for gardening sites. Dinkas usually grow crops twice per year. The Dinka tribe consists of about 14 sub-communities. It is the largest tribe in South Sudan. Dinka people are sociable, social and they like to share their happiness and sorrow with each other.
Lifestyle changes with the seasons
Time has not affected the lifestyle of the Dinka tribals of Sudan. They are still tied in the threads of their tradition and culture. Their lifestyle changes according to the weather. During the rainy season, they live in permanent savannah settlements and cultivate grains such as millet, peanuts, beans, maize, while in summer they are seen along the banks of the river with herds of cattle.
According to the Dinka Adivasi tradition, when a boy is young, he is given an ox, which is named after the young man. As the bull’s wings grow, the young man decorates them with different shapes. Most of the Dinka use animal skins in place of clothes and decorate the body with ashes. One reason behind the use of ash is also the protection from mosquitoes. The Dinka tribe is considered the tallest and tallest people in Africa, just like the Tutsi tribe of Rwanda. Males of the Dinka tribe have an average height of around 182.6 cm (5 ft 11.9 in) and females have an average height of 176.4 cm (5 ft 9.4 in).
Culture Pride – Cattle
Dinka communities mainly rely on traditional agriculture and livestock, cattle rearing is a cultural pride for the Dinka community. The Dinka do cattle rearing not for commercial gain or meat, but for cultural performances, rituals, milk, food marriages and ‘dowry’. As an exception, sometimes, under certain circumstances, such as slaughter cows for food at the time of marriage.
Eat only once
During the dry season the Dinka communities confine their cattle to rivers, grasslands, but during the rainy season take them on a height-based basis to avoid flooding and water. Dinka communities are best developed to survive in hot climates. The Dinka community does not eat during the day. Dinka people sit around the fire and eat food in the evening. The food of the Dinka community consists mostly of milk, vegetables, fish.
Carry less luggage
Cows are not sacrificed in the Dinka community, with the occasional exception. The Dinka community is headed by a head of society who selects grazing locations. Each Dinka family rears a large number of cattle and some goats. The Dinka community roams from place to place with their cattle, so the Dinka people do not carry a lot of belongings with them, just some earthen pots, pottery, handkerchiefs made by women to cover their hands and hunting work. For spear.
This is how milk comes from cows
The Dinka community also makes it possible to take milk from their cows which have stopped milking and for this they use a special technique. Under this, a 9 or 10-year-old child of the Dinka community fills the air with his mouth in the urine of that cow and massages the urine of the cow with both his hands. This process continues for about four to five minutes and after this, the cow starts milking amazingly. The love of the Dinka community for their livestock can be clearly seen.
Girls are rich
Farming and animal husbandry is the primary occupation of the Dinka tribe while Dinka women manage many grains and vegetables such as pumpkin, millet, cassava, maize and sesame, while Dinka men manage animal camps. The presence of a girl in a family in the Dinka community is considered to be a measure of happiness and wealth for the girl’s family because the more girls in the family, the more rich and prosperous the family will become. In fact, whenever a boy marries a girl, he pays a lot to the girl’s family as a dowry.
In the Dinka community, when two people are competing for marriage to the same girl, then in this competition, whoever pays more and more cows and money to the girl’s family, is entitled to get the woman. During the competition the amount of cows reaches around 200 which the competing person has to give to the woman’s family.
This is how marriage is decided
In Dinka society, cow is considered to be the best place among animals and women and girls among humans and those who have both of them consider themselves to be the luckiest person in the world. When it comes to getting married in the Dinka tribe, a Dinka man has to pay at least 80 cows and money to the girl’s family. The person desirous of marrying first goes to the male members of the girl’s family and asks for the girl’s hand from them and assures them of offering cow as dowry.
After this, male members of the girl’s family inquire about the financial status of the person desirous of marriage. Once the male members of the girl’s family are satisfied with the financial status of the person seeking marriage, the boy is sent to the girl’s mother and the female members of the family to seek their permission. After everything is decided, the boy pays the cows and money for marriage. Not only this, it serves food to the entire family of the girl and then takes the girl to her house.
Came in 3000 BC
South Sudan is mostly Christian, but in addition to them there are also a large number of traditional African primitive tribes that worship nature. Atheists and Muslims also reside here. Historically, the Dinka tribe settled in the southern part of Sudan as a hunter clan in 3000 BCE and began to spread throughout the Sudan region from the beginning of 1500 AD.
The Ottoman rule for many centuries
The Ottoman empire of Turkey over Dinkaland lasted for several centuries, which ended in 1880 by the British Empire. From then until 1956 it remained a colony of the British Empire. South Sudan gained independence following a referendum on 9 July 2011 after a fierce civil war as a result of the Khartoum government’s attempt to Islamize the entire tribal group after gaining independence from the British colony.
In this referendum, a large number of people (98.83% of the total vote) voted for the creation of a new nation separate from Sudan. It is the 196th independent country in the world, the 193rd member of the United Nations and the 55th country in Africa. Thus, on 9 July 2011, on the world map, United Sudan was replaced by two new countries on the globe, one of which became Islamic-dominated North Sudan and the other was tribal and Christian-dominated South Sudan.
In July 2012, the country signed the Geneva Conference. South Sudan is divided into ten states (North Bahr al Ghazal, Western Bahr al Ghazal, Lex, Varrap, Western Equatoria, Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile).
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