Tigray dispute abusive Ethiopia dispute

Civil war-like situations have arisen between Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed Sarkar and Tigraya People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). Till now several hundred people have died and the very existence of the country is under threat. Both sides are trying to prove themselves right before the world by mobilizing their supporters. The Addis Ababa government and the TPLF have accused each other of starting a dispute and PM Abi has claimed that the army officers are being brutally murdered. On the other hand, Tigrayan leader Debretsian Gebremikal says Ethiopia’s Special Forces and neighboring Eritrean troops have jointly executed the attack. At the same time, Russia’s foreign ministry had asked both sides to take steps and hoped that the government would establish peace in the right way.

Thousands killed in airstrikes

Looking at history, Ethiopia’s King Haley Selassie was removed from power during the 1974 revolution. Military Janata Derg commanded. Only after this did the ‘Red Terror’ begin when thousands of youth were killed by the army and civil war started in the country. The Air Force used to bomb here every day, so that they would go out only at night. The most traumatic event occurred in 1988 when 1800 people were killed in an air strike in Hossean city. In 1991, the TPLF-led Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) defeated the military government. In the 27-year rule of the EPRDF, infant mortality fell from 5 in 20 to one. The drought came to an end and civil war as well.

27 years of rule ‘darkness’


However, democracy did not come in the country and the youth felt that they have no stake in politics and few people have control over politics, army and economy. PM Abi describes the 27-year rule as darkness. Abi Ahmed of the Oromo community was first elected by the EPRDF as party leader and then as PM in 2018. He made politics liberal. Abolished the EPRDF and created a new Prosperity Party. This made him very popular. Abi signed a peace deal with Eritrea for which he also received the Nobel Peace Prize last year and became close to President Isaiyas Afwerki. (Photo: Debretsion Gebremichael)

Uncontested election

PM Abi says that TPLF has crossed the limit by holding regional elections in September. The government did not allow these elections and the Prosperity Party could not contest. At the same time, TPLF says that elections had already been decided but were being postponed due to Kovid and the government’s tenure ended without fixing the election date. The organization says that only the regional government is formed on the basis of people’s opinion.

Atmosphere against abi

The constitution of Ethiopia provides for a federal system under which local groups run the governments of their region. It was adopted after the EPRDF came into government, which PM Abi wants to end. The regional states of the country have the right to hold their elections. This provision was made so that if the democracy collapses at the center, then the regions continue to run on their own. This was demanded by groups like Tigrayan as well as Oromo. TPLF is not demanding separation but something similar could happen from the current controversy. This year PM Abi has come down against Oromo’s youth who brought him to power. Riots following the killing of Oromo singer Hachalu Hundesa killed 150 people and arrested more than 10,000 people. (Photo: Abiy Ahmed)


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